Cheaper Nikon DSLR Lenses for Low Light Action and Sports

When shooting action and sports in low light or indoors your lens becomes much more important than your camera body. Pros are using expensive glass like the Nikon 70-200mm f/2.8 or some exotic prime to gather lots of light. The Nikon 70-200 is a tad over $2000 though. Luckily there are more affordable alternatives like the Sigma and Tamron versions of the 70-200mm f/2.8. These are good matches to lower priced bodies like the D3100 and D5000 that offer comparable performance for almost a third of the price.

Price Comparisons (updated 8/8/11)

Sigma Tamron Nikon
Amazon $949 $769 $2200

Just a quick primer about apertures; aperture is described by an f-stop, f/2.8 for example. The lower the number the larger the opening in the lens to collect more light. f/1.4 is considered very fast because you get more light and can maintain a faster shutter speed. f/1.4, f/2, f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11, f/16, and f/22 are the standard full stops. Each step up will halve the shutter speed. In general, a lower f-stop number translates to less depth of field (DOF).

The cheap (but still very good) Nikon 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 kit lens is just too slow and short to be of much use in low light. The Nikon 55-200mm f/4-5.6 (or 55-300) would give you more reach, but it too will be too slow as it zooms in. For example, in an indoor hockey rink I’d estimate that shooting at ISO 1600 with f/2.8 gets you 1/250 second. f/4 would drop that to 1/125 and f/5.6 would drop it to 1/60. That’s a very big difference and would allow motion blur to become a problem.

I’ve shot a group of friends playing broomball at a local rink with my 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6 and it was a struggle. Even with ISO between 1600-3200 my shots were underexposed if I tried forcing the shutter to 1/250. I could have lowered it, but then motion blur would have started kicking in. I don’t think I even bothered sharing those photos with anyone.

Low light action (pretty much everything not in sunlight) is just one of those things that’s flat out hard. Pros can throw thousands of dollars into their gear, but we don’t really have that luxury. A cheaper DSLR like the D3100 or D5000 is up to the job, but they really need the help of a f/1.8 or f/2.8 lens to keep the shutter as fast as possible.

Depending how much reach you need you could even use the Nikon 35mm f/1.8 to get as much light as possible for cheap. If you do need more reach then the Sigma and Tamron 70-200mm f/2.8 lenses become some of your few options. The Sigma seems to have better autofocus capability and the Tamron has slightly better image quality.

Bang for your Buck

The Sigma has shot up in price making the Tamron a better value. There is also a new Sigma lens with image stabilization built in, but it is almost $1400.

Sigma 70-200mm f/2.8 DG HSM II Macro Zoom Lens for Nikon

Tamron AF 70-200mm f/2.8 Di LD IF Lens for Nikon

One thought on “Cheaper Nikon DSLR Lenses for Low Light Action and Sports”

  1. Hey Richard
    you need to try out the improved capabilities of the latest Nikon cameras, particularly as they relate to getting really amazing shots in low-light. Specifically, the new Nikon D5100 (or the D7000) can do things that my previous D90 simply could not do. (I prefer the improved auto-focus and IQ of the smaller D5100 over that of the D7000 – same sensor, apparently better processing for low-light, but cannot AF lenses without built-in motors.)
    A couple options with the D5100: Sigma 17-70 f/2.8-4 (heavier than the kit lens but great speed, optical stabilization for additional stops, super-sharp, 105mm max range on APS-C). And also:the Nikon 55-200mm can do a pretty great job on the D5100, if you “manipulate” by spot focusing at ISO 800/1600. Images are stunning. Try it out!
    As mentioned above, be aware that the D5100 body does NOT have an AF motor, as the D90 does, so the camera body is lighter, but cannot use AF-D (aka cheaper) lenses.
    However, there are trade offs – with the ability to use newer, faster AF-S stabilized zoom lenses, you’re not constantly changing lenses and exposing the private parts of your camera.
    Another note – you can go budget on the wide end as well:Tamron 10-24 f/3.5-4.5 rocks on the D5100, for under $450. All in all, with a trade-in at Adorama for a D90 in good condition, you can spend under $1500 US for everything you need.
    And the Nikon 35mm f1.8 prime? I’m finding I never use it much anymore.

    Happy shooting.

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